Dysmenorrhoea is a condition in which the woman experiences pain during menstrual periods. Some women experience excessive pain which interferes with their day to day activities. Painful menstrual periods can also have discomforts such as nausea, sharp pain which comes and goes, throbbing pain, tiredness or dull pain. Dysmenorrhoea may be of two kinds, primary and secondary. It is a primary condition when painful menstrual periods are not associated with any underlying illness. This usually affects up to the age in 20s and then decreases. In secondary condition, the pain and cramps is caused by an underlying medical problem. This occurs later in life like in the 30s or 40s.
When the menstrual periods begin, a chemical substance called prostaglandins is released which cause the uterine muscles to contract. Excessive prostaglandins result in painful cramps and spasms. During the contraction, the blood supply to the uterus temporarily gets cut off which causes cramps. Excessive release of this chemical also causes contraction of the muscles in the intestinal tract which may lead to nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Secondary dysmenorrhoea may be caused by problems of the uterus or the pelvic organ. Some conditions that are responsible for this are pelvis inflammatory disease, tumors, endometriosis, fibroids, cervical stenosis, ovarian cysts, sexually transmitted diseases, IUDs and stress.
The doctor may prescribe medications like pain killers, anti inflammatory pills, contraceptive pills or antibiotics for treating the underlying problem. Home remedies for the treatment of dysmenorrhoea are known to help ease off the pain during painful menstrual periods. They are simple ways to obtain relief from the symptoms. Some of the home remedies for painful menstrual periods are as below:
1. Warm bath: A warm bath or a warm shower is soothing and helps you relax. It also aids in easing off the pain.
2. Hot Water Bottle: Try putting a hot water bottle or a heat pad on the lower abdominal area where the cramps are occurring. This gives relief from the pain. Be careful not to apply the bottle too hot for it can damage the skin and cause burns.
3. Massage: Massaging the lower abdomen gently in light circular motion may be effective to provide some relief during painful menstrual periods.
4. Chamomile: Sip on chamomile tea to soothe the cramps. You can prepare chamomile tea by putting some dried chamomile flowers in one cup of boiling water. Let it steep and then strain. This is one of the effective home remedies for the treatment of dysmenorrhoea.
5. Vitamins: Eat food rich in Vitamin B and other nutrients. Take a vitamin supplement.
6. Exercise: Light and mild exercises done regularly will help you stay active and increase the stamina.
7. Avoid eating chocolates, drinking tea, coffee and carbonated drinks for these may worsen the cramps.
8. Yoga: Yoga or meditation can be very beneficial in the treatment of painful menstrual periods.
9. Ginger: Ginger is an effective home remedy. Include this in your diet or have it in tea.
10. Parsley: Parsley aids in treating cramps.
11. Cinnamon: Cinnamon has antispasmodic and anti inflammatory properties which help in this condition.
12. Basil: Use basil in your tea to provide relief from the pain.
Use these safe and natural home remedies for the treatment of painful menstrual periods.
Frequently Asked Questions
What should i do before the pregnancy test because doesn't it take a month or so to show up?
Is there any pre cautions i should be taking. Like more water etc.
Wondering if you might be pregnant? Many women experience signs and symptoms of their pregnancy before they've missed their menstrual period. Here are a few signs of pregnancy--both common and uncommon--that some women notice in the very early stages of pregnancy:
Sore or Swollen Breasts: Some women notice that their breasts are tender in the early stages of pregnancy. In some cases, your breasts may be sore only on the sides. Many women say the sensation is similar to the breast tenderness that generally accompanies PMS.
Dark or Painful Nipples: Darkening of the nipples is also a very early sign of pregnancy. Sometimes this is accompanied by pain or a tingling in the nipples.
"Road Map" Veins: Another early symptom of pregnancy is "road map" veins. This manifests itself as large, dark prominent veins. Typically, these veins are most apparent in the breasts. However, some women notice them all over their bodies, including their legs, stomach and arms.
"Metal" Mouth: Although an unpleasant taste sensation is common in early pregnancy, some women refer to it specifically as "metal mouth." This is because the taste is a heavy and persistent metallic flavor that is apparent even without the presence of food or beverage.
Change of Appetite: An aversion to food is also an early sign of pregnancy, particularly foods that were previously favorites. Conversely, some women also experience inexplicable cravings for unusual foods, or a general increase in appetite.
"Super" Sense of Smell: During early pregnancy, some women also notice an increased sensitivity to odors. These odors are not always unpleasant. Instead, pregnant women just notice that scents seem stronger than usual.
Gas: One of the less pleasant early pregnancy symptoms may be an increase in gas. Some women become significantly more flatulent after they've become pregnant.
Stomach Upset: Digestive upset--particularly diarrhea and nausea--may be a result of the hormones released by the body during early pregnancy.
Abdominal Cramping: Many women experience some type of light abdominal cramping during the early stages of pregnancy. This may be because the uterus is preparing to expand. Some women say this symptom feels very much like PMS cramps.
Cervical Mucous Changes: If you've been charting your cervical mucous, you may notice an unusual amount or consistency as an early pregnancy sign. Some women notice an increase in the amount of cervical mucous their bodies produce, others notice that it is a different consistency than usually experienced during that time of their cycle.
If you think you might be pregnant, consult your physician for a pregnancy test
What are the very first signs of pregnancy? And when do they occur?
There are a range of symptoms which vary from woman to woman.
But you would not start feeling them for at least 2 weeks after conception as that's when the hormones start being produced, so any earlier and they aren't symptoms of pregnancy. Just from my general knowledge I know symptoms can be things like:
First symptoms: Spotting, or implantation bleeding. Just a bit of blood in the underwear, not enough for a panty liner or tampon.
Twinges in the ovaries, or uterus area, not very strong at all.
Tiredness, to extremes, and low energy.
Sore or sensitive nipples or breasts.
Then later on(maybe 4/5 weeks pregnant.) things like morning sickness occur. Can rage from just nausea to actual throwing up.
Break out in spots.
Bowel changes... (Diarrhea, constipation)
Increased need to wee.
Emotional changes, and mood swings. (Can be experienced earlier but not likely)
Restless legs and cramps. (Not usually experienced until later on but it can happen)
Food cravings/aversions (Again, not normally until later on but some women claim to have them at 5/6 weeks.)
Obviously missed period is the tell tale sign and some people don't even realize they are having pregnancy symptoms.
And also, every single one of these symptoms can be because of something else. Such as PMS, sickness bug, stress at work or at home.
what are the symptoms of the ectopic pregnancy?
How common is the ectopic pregnancy after IVF transfer?
Very uncommon since the fertilized egg is directly implanted in the uterus.
One-sided pain in your tummy
This can be persistent and severe, but may not be on the same side as an ectopic pregnancy.
This may be due to internal bleeding irritating the diaphragm when you breathe in and out.
Bladder or Bowel Problems
If you feel pain when you have your bowels open or when you pass water and think you may be pregnant you should mention this when you go for a check-up.
You may be feeling light-headed or faint, and often this is accompanied by a feeling of something being very wrong. Other signs such as paleness, increasing pulse rate, sickness, diarrhoea and falling blood pressure may also be present.
This may be positive but not always. Specialised hCG blood tests are sometimes required to confirm this.
If you don't know whether your are pregnant but find yourself having an unusual period it may be due to a number of causes, one of which might be an ectopic pregnancy, particularly if you have had a coil (IUCD) fitted.
So if your bleeding is heavier or lighter than usual and prolonged, or if, unlike your normal monthly period, this bleeding is slight, dark and watery, sometimes described as looking like 'prune juice', then you should tell your doctor as soon as possible.
A missed or late period
If you have missed one or more periods then the most likely reason is that you are normally pregnant. However the fact that you may experience normal pregnancy symptoms e.g. nausea, painful breasts or a swollen abdomen but no bleeding does not completely rule out an ectopic pregnancy.
So if you also experience one or more of the symptoms and pains described in the first four bulleted paragraphs above, you should certainly tell your doctor about them.
GPs and hospital doctors may have difficulty reaching a diagnosis because trouble may occur almost immediately you are pregnant (3 weeks) up to 12 weeks or even later. There are many other causes of lower tummy pain.